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Wednesday, 14 July 2021

New variants of Kovid found in Rajasthan and UP, WHO announces variant of interest, find out the answer to every question related to Kappa

 New variants of Kovid found in Rajasthan and UP, WHO announces variant of interest, find out the answer to every question related to Kappa

New variants of Kovid found in Rajasthan and UP, WHO announces variant of interest, find out the answer to every question related to Kappa


Corona virus is constantly challenging science and scientists through new variants. Among the growing cases of Delta Plus variant, there are now seven cases of Kappa variant of Corona in the country. The cases have been reported in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Like Delta, Kappa is a double mutant of the corona virus.


SMS Medical College in Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, sends a positive sample of Corona to a lab in Delhi and the National Institute of Virology in Pune to identify the genome sequencing. 174 samples were sent during the second wave in this regard. Of these, 166 samples were found from the Delta variant and five from the Kappa variant.


Similarly, 107 samples of Delta Plus and two samples of Kappa variant were found in the genome sequencing of 109 samples at King George Medical College in Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh. After Delta, Delta Plus and Lambda, now this new variant called Kappa or let's say this new form of Corona virus has increased people's anxiety.


Find out the answers to all the required questions related to Kappa variant ...


Q. What is the Kappa variant of Corona virus?

The Kappa variant is made up of a double mutant variant of the Corona virus i.e. two mutations. It is also known as B.1.617.1. These two mutations of the virus are scientifically known as E484Q and L453R.


Q. Is this a new variant of the Corona? When was it first found?

The Kappa variant is not a new variant of the Corona virus. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Kappa variant was first identified in India in October 2020. Apart from Kappa, the Delta variant was also first found in India. The WHO declared it a variant of interest on April 4, 2021.


Q. How deadly or rapidly spreading mutant is the Kappa variant of Corona?

The Kappa variant has been declared a "Variant of Interest" by the WHO instead of a "Variant of Concern". According to the WHO's working definition, a variant of interest in the corona virus is a variant that already knows about this genetic mutation, meaning that the mutation is usually natural. They know about the spread of the virus, the severity of the disease, the ability of the human immune system to deceive, or the ability to detect and avoid drugs.


However, according to the WHO website, this variant may be responsible for clustering community transmission or corona cases in many countries. According to Amit Mohan Prasad, Additional Chief Secretary (Health), Uttar Pradesh, there is no need to worry about this variant of the Corona. It is a common variant of Corona and can be treated.


Q. Is Corona vaccine effective against Kappa variant?

The Kappa variant has the L453R mutation, which is said to affect our immune system as well, but research is currently underway and no concrete data is available to substantiate or disprove this claim.


However, ICMR recently said that India Biotech's Covexin is effective against the Kappa variant, and Oxford University said in June that Covishield also protects against the Kappa variant. Currently, most people in India are being vaccinated with covacin and covishield.


Q. How to avoid Kappa variant?

Like all other variants of Corona virus, masks, social distant, hand sanitization should be strictly followed to avoid Kappa variant. Not going out of the house without any necessary work. Don't go to crowded places and take both doses of Corona vaccine at the first opportunity.


Q. Will people who take a single dose of the vaccine not be affected by the Kappa variant?

According to a recent study by the Pasteur Institute of France, published in the popular science magazine Nature, a single dose of the corona vaccine does not generally affect beta and delta variants of the virus.


The research was conducted on people taking Extrajeneca and Pfizer-Bioentech vaccines. In India, the AstraGeneca vaccine is being developed at the Serum Institute of India under the name Covishield.

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According to research, only 10% of people who take a single dose will fail the alpha and delta variants, as well as 95% of people who take both doses of either vaccine fail the delta and beta variants. Now Kappa is also a double mutant like Delta i.e. this variant has made two changes in itself with the virus. In such a case, it can be assumed that a single dose of Corona vaccine will not be more effective on Kappa. It is best for people to take a double dose of the vaccine as soon as possible.

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