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Tuesday, 13 July 2021

19 cases of Zika virus found in Kerala; Find out the answer to every question related to it and how to avoid it

19 cases of Zika virus found in Kerala; Find out the answer to every question related to it and how to avoid it

19 cases of Zika virus found in Kerala; Find out the answer to every question related to it and how to avoid it


On January 27, 2020, India's first corona positive case was reported in Kerala. A year and a half later, the country's southern state is now in the spotlight due to the Zika virus. In the capital, Thiruvananthapuram, 19 cases of Zika virus were reported last week. It also includes a 24-year-old pregnant woman.


This is the same Zika virus that has given birth to babies with small heads and underdeveloped brains in many countries around the world in the last few years. Neighboring states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have also issued alerts following reports of Zika virus in Kerala. In all the districts of Kerala, special investigations have been started in fogging and hospitals to prevent mosquitoes.


In this case, it is important to know what the Zika virus is. Why is the government so worried about it? If Zika virus is deadly, how can it be prevented?


So find out the answers to such questions related to Zika ...


Q. What is Zika virus?

Zika is a virus of the flaviviridae family. It is spread by dengue, yellow fever, meningitis (Japanese encephalitis) and Aedes mosquito bites that spread the West Nile virus.


It is named after the Zika forests of Uganda. The monkeys were first isolated in the same forest in 1947. The virus was first reported in humans five years later in 1952 in Uganda and Tanzania. The first outbreak of the Zika virus was in 2007 on the island of Yap in the Federated States of Micronesia. Then in 2013, the Zika virus spread slowly to French Polynesia and the surrounding small countries.


Q. Zika virus is spread in any other way besides mosquitoes?

Yes, Zika virus can be transmitted from one person to another through physical contact other than mosquitoes. As well as it can be transmitted by a pregnant woman to her fetus i.e. the unborn child. According to the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the Zika virus can also be spread by blood transfusions, however, this has not been 100% confirmed.


Q. What disease is caused by Zika virus? Why is it considered fatal?


The Zika virus is thought to be lethal due to microcephaly. When a pregnant woman becomes infected with the Zika virus, the virus also infects her unborn baby. It causes microcephaly in the fetus itself. The head of a child suffering from this congenital disorder is small. Newborns with microcephaly also have small brains that cannot develop.


According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Guillain-Barré syndrome has also increased rapidly in countries where Zika is spreading, including Brazil. This is a neurological disorder that can cause paralysis and death. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health Study, the mortality rate among people with Gillian Barre Syndrome was 8.3%.


Q. What are the symptoms of Zika virus?


Many people infected with the Zika virus show no symptoms. How many people have mild symptoms.


Q. How long do the symptoms of Zika virus last?

Symptoms of the Zika virus usually last for two to seven days. Usually people do not get so sick that they have to be hospitalized. The risk of death from the Zika virus is very low. For the same reason, many people do not even know that they are infected with the Zika virus. The symptoms of Zika virus are similar to those caused by mosquito bites. Such as, dengue and chickenpox.


Q. When should I see a doctor?

If you have symptoms of Zika virus and you have been to Zika risk areas. It is important to see a doctor if you are pregnant. The doctor needs to show you your travel history.


Q. Is there a vaccine for it?

There is currently no vaccine for the Zika virus. It is important to prevent mosquito infestation to prevent the spread of this virus.


Q. How to prevent Zika virus?


    Wear flower sleeve shirts and pants to avoid mosquitoes.

    Stay in a place where there is AC and windows, doors and ventilation.

    Take steps to avoid mosquitoes indoors. As if the water is nowhere to be found.

    Use safe mosquito repellent for pregnant women and breastfeeding women.

    Do not use repellents for infants and children under two months of age.

    Use a mosquito net for young children.

    If the room does not have AC and lattice windows or ventilation, sleep with a mosquito net.

    Do not travel to any place where cases of Zika virus are found.


Q. What to do if you have Zika?


    There is no cure for the Zika virus. Its symptoms can be treated.

    Relax completely.

    Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.

    Paracetamol can be taken to reduce fever and pain.

    Do not take aspirin and any other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

    If you are taking medicine for any other ailment, take it only on the advice of a doctor.

    Protect yourself from mosquito bites.


Q. If you have Zika, how do you protect your carers and others from it?


    Protect your relatives or family from any body fluids such as blood, saliva, semen, etc.

    Do not have any unprotected sexual intercourse.

    Protect yourself and your family from mosquitoes. Install mosquito nets, nets on windows and doors or ventilation.

    If someone is pregnant at home, protect them from mosquitoes and keep them away from you.


Q. How can caregivers of Zika virus patients protect themselves from infection?


    Do not touch infected blood and other body fluids by hand.

    Do not touch without gloves where blood or other body fluids have fallen.

    Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately after care.

    If you find infected blood or other body fluids on your clothes, take them off immediately and wash them with detergent or soap.

    It is not necessary to use bleach to wash such clothes.

    Immediately clean the surface with infected blood or other body fluids with a cleaner or disinfectant.

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Q. Has the Zika virus spread in India before?

The first case of Zika virus in India was reported in 1952-53. The last case of Zika virus was reported in Rajasthan in 2018. Also in May 2017, three cases were found in Bapunagar area of ​​Ahmedabad, Gujarat. A similar case was found in July 2017 in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu.

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